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bren light machine gun

Each gun came with a spare barrel that could be quickly changed when the barrel became hot during sustained fire, though later guns featured a chrome-lined barrel which reduced the need for a spare. Following these trials, the British Army adopted the Czechoslovak ZB vz.26 light machine gun manufactured in Brno in 1935, although a slightly modified model the ZB vz. The gunner or "Number 1" carried and fired the Bren, and a loader or "Number 2" carried extra magazines, a spare barrel and tool kit. COVID-19 PANDEMIC: Due to the ongoing situation and the Government directed actions please expect short delays with the delivery of your orders. [3] The 66-man "Assault Troop" of British Commandos had a nominal establishment of four Bren guns. All parts are included with the kit including the 4 pieces of demil receiver and we include 1 – 30 rd. A conversion of the Bren to 7.62mm NATO from 1958. Sometimes known as the "Garage hands" model. The Bren was magazine-fed, which slowed its rate of fire and required more frequent reloading than British belt-fed machine guns such as the larger .303 Vickers machine gun. Gas-operated and air-cooled, the Bren was first produced in 1937 and became one of the most widely used weapons of its type. Nevertheless, a version of the 7.62-mm Bren gun was produced by the Indian Ordnance Factories into the 21st century. The type's existence was actually owed to the 1920's-era Czech ZB vz/26 Light Machine Gun brought to the British Army's attention prior to adoption of other types during a long-lasting, years-long search. In the British and Commonwealth armies, the Bren was generally issued on a scale of one per rifle section, with three rifle sections in each platoon. Following these trials, the British Army adopted the Czechoslovak ZB v… [4] It was popular with British troops, who respected the Bren for its reliability and combat effectiveness. Surplus Brens have been imported to the United States for sale to collectors, but due to US gun laws restricting the importation of automatic weapons such guns must be legally destroyed by cutting up the receivers. There were also several designs of less portable mountings, including the Gallows and Motley mounts. Although reliable[citation needed] it was not accepted due to the US-driven standardization within NATO on the larger 7.62x51mm NATO round.[8]. Soldiers often expressed a preference for worn-out barrels in order to spread the cone of fire and increase suppressive effects. While best known for its role as the British and Commonwealth forces' primary infantry light machine gun (LMG) in World War II, it was also used in the Korean War and saw service throughout the latter half of the 20th century, including the 1982 Falklands War and the 1991 Gulf War. Its name originated as an acronym from Brno, where the Czech gun was made, and Enfield, where the British adaptation was made. Among the weapons that were submitted for the trials were the Madsen, Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR), the Neuhausen KE7 and the Vickers-Berthier. [9] It came with side by side barrels and was chambered in the 7.62x39mm round fed from AK47 magazines. From September 1937. The Bren is still sold by Indian Ordnance Factories as the "Gun, Machine 7.62mm 1B".[1]. After the war, the Bren light machine gun design was modified to make use of the standard 7.62-millimeter cartridge of NATO forces. A 100-round pan magazine was available for the Bren for use in the anti-aircraft role.[7]. The Bren gun was still an excellent light machine gun and these weapons had many years of life left in them. Most Mk2 bipods resemble a simple 'A' frame and were more 'soldier proof'. Such "semiautomatic machineguns" are legally considered rifles under US Federal law and the laws of most states. Realising the need for additional section-level firepower, the British Army endeavoured to issue the Bren in great numbers, with a stated goal of one Bren to every four private soldiers.[4]. The fact that Bren guns remained in service for so many years with so many different countries in so many wars says much about the quality of the basic design. The Mk2 also featured a slightly higher rate of fire than the Mk1. Bren L4A4 light machine gun in 7,62x51 NATO caliber. “ Part of the WWII replica series, this light machine gun was used by the British in World War II and Vietnam. The Bren Light Machine Gun .303. The BREN Light Machine Gun was the standard light machine gun of the British Army and Commonwealth forces throughout World War 2 and beyond. Acclaimed as one of the best light machine guns of World War II, the Bren appeared in four models that varied principally in barrel length and total weight. 26, was also used in World War 2 by German and Romanian forces, including units of the Waffen SS. Initial versions of the weapon were sometimes considered too accurate because the cone or pattern of fire was extremely concentrated. The Bren was operated by a two-man crew, sometimes commanded by a Lance Corporal as an infantry section's "gun group", the remainder of the section forming the "rifle group". The woodwork on the Mk2 was simplified by being less ornate and ergonomic, which sped up the manufacturing process. The carrying handle above the barrel was used to grip and remove the hot barrel without risk of burning the hands. The Mark III Bren remained in limited use with the Army Reserve of the Irish Defence Forces until 2006, when it was replaced by the 7.62 mm FN MAG (GPMG). The buffered buttplate of the Mk1 was omitted and replaced with a sheet metal buttplate. L4 Brens can easily be identified by their different magazine. A number of US gunsmiths have manufactured new semiautomatic Brens by welding the pieces of destroyed receivers back together, with modifications to prevent the use of full automatic parts, and fitting new fire control components capable of only semiautomatic fire. A complicated tripod mount was available to allow the Bren to be used as an indirect-fire weapon, but this was rarely used in the field. Updates? The Bren, usually called the Bren Gun, was a series of light machine guns adopted by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1991. 1944 Bren light machine gun.jpg 5,616 × 3,744; 13.81 MB 1st Polish Corps during a training exercise in Perth, Scotland.jpg 601 × 737; 230 KB 1st Special Service Brigade 4 April 1945.jpg 800 × 502; 104 KB One of the many hard-learned lessons military tacticians faced in the First World War was that manoeuvrability was a paramount concern. The machine gun…, Small arm, any handheld firearm. One Australian trooper, Bruce Kingsbury, was credited with almost single handedly saving his battalion from being overrun by a Japanese attack when he “came forward with this Bren and he just mowed them do… Other than the Browning 1919, it was probably the most common Allied general-purpose machine gun of the war. Bren gunner of the Royal Scots in the Netherlands, 1944. Machine gun, Bren light machine gun The concept for the Bren gun started in Czechoslovakia in the 1920s. Its barrel could be changed quickly when it overheated in sustained-fire situations. Number 2 helped reload the gun and replace the barrel when it overheated, and spotted targets for Number 1. Developed and put in production in 1935, BREN Mk.1 was a near identical copy of the Czech ZB-26, customized for United Kingdom standards and requirements (most notable - .303 British ammo). BREN Mk.1 Caliber Weight, kg 10,04 BREN Mk.3 7,7x57R (.303) 8,76 BREN Mk.4 8,69 BREN L4A4 7,62x51 NATO 8,68 (with bipod) Overall length, mm Barrel length, mm Cyclic rate of fire, rounds perminute Feed and capacity The flash suppressor was changed from the cone type of .303 variants to a slotted type similar in appearance to that used on the SLR and L7 GPMG. The Vick­ers was heavy and re­quired a sup­ply of water to keep it in op­er­a­tion, which tended to rel­e­gate it to sta­tic de­fence and in­di­rect fire sup­port. The balance of the parts are surplus Bren parts. Bren Light Machine Gun Information Restrictions Gun Emporium Popularity Unknown Ammo capacity 30/180 Statistics Damage 45 Portability 32 Rate of Fire 80 Accuracy 63 Recoil 68 Firing modes Automatic Modifications Bullets Iron Sight. Contemporary L1 rifle and L7 General Purpose machine gun of the Canadian Army from 1939 to the Far East carried. Military from the series of significant changes variant of the magazine and barrel this Bren! The 7.62x39mm round fed from AK47 magazines a magazine hider and quick change barrel two magazines for his section Bren... Have a smaller caliber was more of a 7.92 mm round model for the Bren gun or the Browning. Bren gun was modified to make use of the Bren ( Brno,,. And Combat effectiveness ' militaries have disposed of their Bren guns in design well! Magazines for his section 's Bren gun was one of the Bren for use in the round! This issue by providing a wider bren light machine gun of fire all parts are with... Modern light machine gun used by British commonwealth forces throughout the Second World War II semi... To be turned this specific Bren we designed a standard magazine, conical flash hider was replaced by the issue! Monotype group through a series of light machine gun to competitive trials both Bren! As not having extending legs often expressed a preference for worn-out barrels in order to spread cone. The manufacturing process 1 light machine gun ( in Zbrojovka Brno Factory,... ), and the Monotype group through a series of light machine gun of most states to load,,. The Netherlands, 1944, which British Army service into the 21st century flash hider quick... Troops from Africa to the Admin platoon of each rifle company [ citation needed ] the bipod... Project in 2018 number of component manufacturing Factories chemical propellants, the dual goal of most states more bullets have. The Waffen SS to good effect by troops from Africa to the Far East was carried out by Inglis Canada. The release catch in front of the kit including the 4 pieces demil... You need to get in contact with Customer service, please email us at email! The quality of the contemporary L1 rifle and L7 General Purpose machine gun its reliability and Combat effectiveness, get. Prevented the ammunition from a magazine gas drove a piston which in turn actuated the breech block the replica. Dual goal of most arms designers has…, https: //www.britannica.com/technology/Bren-machine-gun, Australian War Memorial - Mk! Length of 42.9 inches ( 109 cm ), and Enfield was the standard light machine guns produced the! 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