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what is understanding of refining the research question

can only be answered by a fact, or a series of facts, concerns itself with audience and authorial intent, derives from a critical or careful reading of the text or understanding of a topic, moves you out of your own frame of reference ("what does this mean in our context") to your author's ("what was the author trying to convey when he/she wrote this? Using PICO factors, you further narrow your search to the influence of family factors on overweight children. You might begin by asking a series of PICO questions. To assist you in this process, we offer the following questions: The research question (sometimes called the problem statement) presents the idea that is to be examined in the study and is the foundation of the research study. We will introduce methods to perform systematic reviews and meta-analysis of clinical trials. A good research question is a question worth asking; one that poses a problem worth solving. The steps for developing a research question, listed below, can help you organize your thoughts. 1.1 How do social workers know what to do? Perspective – for example, college students Steps to Refining Your Topic Once you have chosen a general topic idea the next step is to refine your topic and ulitmately to formulate a research question. Before looking at how to turn such ideas into empirically testable research questions, it is worth looking at where such ideas come from in the first place. Or to put it another way, the problem you are trying to solve. Conducting a literature review is an iterative process, as it stops, starts, and loops back on itself multiple times before completion. In general, when it comes to refining research needs and defining the ‘who’ and the ‘how’ I found the best place to start is by asking questions, and a lot of them. Developing a concept map; 4. As research is a practice behavior of social workers, you should apply the same type of critical reflection to your inquiry as you would to your clinical or macro practice. A clearly articulated research question defines the phenomena of interest, the purpose for using EHR data, the possible sources of data to detect that phenomena, and, more specifically, the data requirements, definitions, quality, and data collection plan. used when the research question or problem is not particularly well defined - Is often aimed at clarifying concepts, gathering explanations, gaining insight, refining problems and … In essence, refining a research question requires you to ask yourself questions about your topic and what you want to know. Research is organised because there is a planned structure or method used to reach the conclusion. Background: Questions can describe an interest or curiosity, but may not be testable unless they are carefully phrased. Writing Research Questions: Purpose & Examples ... To review, selecting and refining a research topic is a very important process. Note that answering the "So What" question requires a commitment on your part to not only show that you have researched the material, but that you have thought about its significance. In fact, extra credit to anyone who … Remember that the final decision is yours. What is your understanding of refining the research question . Look at any scientific paper, and you will see the research problem, written almost like a statement of intent.Defining a research problem is crucial in defining the quality of the answers, and determines the exact research method used. Even exploratory research should have questions e.g. ("Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.? (2011). 4.0 Chapter introduction. formulation of research questions or objectives. 1.2.1 Research process — linear representation Source: unit author Be researchable. Or to put it another way, the problem you are trying to solve. If your course goals include preparing students to answer multi-layered questions, use questions during class time to walk students through the process. Conducting a literature review. After the problem and research question is defined, scientists generally gather information and other observations, form hypotheses, test hypotheses by collecting data in a reproducible manner, analyze and interpret that data, and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypotheses. You will have to decide which advice for revision is useful and to the point and which is not. Developing strong research questions. Comparisons – for example, telephone message re minders A potential research question might then be “What maternal factors are associated with toddler obesity in the United States?” You’re now ready to begin searching the literature for studies, reports, cases, and other information sources that relate to this question. Questions beginning with the word “why,” for example, encapsulate too many factors to test with one research project. Definition of a Research Problem 5. After an initial search of the relevant literature, you realize the topic of obesity is too broad to adequately cover in the time you have to do your literature review. The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: Sources of Research Topics 6. Research is only successful if we find answers, whether we like these answers or not. The purpose of research is really an ongoing process of correcting and refining hypotheses, which should lead to the acceptance of certain scientific truths. Refining the Research Question Dr. Angela Cooper Brathwaite, RN, PhD . https://nces.ed.gov/ecls/researchquestions2011.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Develop and revise questions that focus your inquiry, Create a concept map that demonstrates the relationships between concepts, “Can music therapy improve communication skills in students diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder?”, “How effective are antidepressant medications in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression?”, Population (clients with anxiety and depression). Outline 1. Explanation: Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper. Shared under a CC-BY 2.0 license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/) and retrieved from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649. The hypothesisattempts to answer the research question. The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. Conducting a literature review. Refining the Research Question Posted by: Professor Ortiz Posted on: December 15, 2020 Biology help How is the Central Dogma (the means by which genetic information is translated into protein structure) evidence for evolution. Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences as well. ("What is the rationale for California's "3 strikes" sentencing policy? If there are no questions, there can be no research. Development research is focussed on relevant, useful and important questions. Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. ("What is the rationale for California's "3 strikes" sentencing policy?") These projects vary in scope and nature, from literature reviews or extended essays to small research projects… Understanding the results section; 3.2 Evaluating sources. It also facilitates identification of the number and nature of studies underpinning mapped relationships among concepts, thus laying the groundwork for systematic research reviews and meta-analyses” (Lesley, Floyd, & Oermann, 2002, p. 229). Review or report questions are typically answered with what is generally known about a fairly narrow topic. Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences. “What forms of parent involvement are most highly correlated with children’s outcomes? Research questions are open-ended and require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer. We will cover how to formulate an answerable research question, define inclusion and exclusion criteria, search for the evidence, extract data, assess the risk of bias in clinical trials, and perform a meta-analysis. Revised on June 5, 2020. What factors might influence the extent of parental involvement?” (Early Childhood Longitudinal Program, 2011). This stands for Question-Lit Review-Methodology, Presentation of results-Analysis of results-Conclusion and call for further study. Background: Questions can describe an interest or curiosity, but may not be testable unless they are carefully phrased. Essay questions on exams or paper assignments, on the other hand, often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask multi-layered questions. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. Your research question is the primary question your project sets out to answer. Consider the points below to keep your research focused and on track. Step 3: List some potential questions that could logically be asked in relation to the narrow topic. ("Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.?") Published on April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Research questions often begin as more general research ideas—usually focusing on some behaviour or psychological characteristic: talkativeness, learning, depression, bungee jumping, and so on. Development research is focussed on relevant, useful and important questions. Possibly the most difficult part of doing clinical research is selecting one of your clinical questions and shaping it into an answerable research question. The hypothesis attempts to answer the research question. It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out and gives your work a clear focus and purpose. Use of MindMapper software for research domain mapping. Thinking about your project; Being a responsible consumer of research; 3.3 Refining your question. Another distinction can be made between quantitative and qualitative methods. Research is organised because there is a planned structure or method used to reach the conclusion. Understanding the results section; 3.2 Evaluating sources. You can further develop the important concepts and relationships for your project by using concept maps and the PICO/SPICE frameworks. Step 2: Write a narrower/smaller topic that is related to the first. 1.2.1 Research process — linear representation Source: unit author 12.1 Experimental design: What is it and when should it be used? Chapter outline; Content advisory; 4.1 What is a literature review? can be answered with a "yes" or "no" (this is not helpful when trying to elicit further questions, discussion, or analysis). You might begin by asking a series of PICO questions. "), Review or report questions are typically answered with what is generally known about a fairly narrow topic. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question before you get started. and refining a research idea, question, problem, statement or ... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the topic. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. Revised on October 22, 2020. As a result, you might begin to ask questions that describe a phenomenon, compare one phenomenon with another, or probe the relationship between two concepts. Will it lead to improved patient care, better clinical Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way to focus attention. Developing the research question is therefore the first step - and one of the most important - in any piece of research. 4.0 Chapter introduction. 6 REFINING QUESTIONS (1 class) Objective: To choose a classroom research topic, and refine the topic into a testable question. Step 1: Pick a topic (or consider the one assigned to you). A quantitative experimental design uses deductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to propose a research statement. All research questions should be: Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences as well. Unfortunately, the evaluator of a research study is not privy to this creative process because it occurs during the study’s conceptualization. A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, project or thesis. Once you receive feedback from your classmates, teacher, and others, you will be in a place where you can revise your research question. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: The process of concept mapping is beneficial when you begin your own literature review, as it will help you to come up with keywords and concepts related to your topic. ("What percentage of drug-related crime in 1999 was committed by dealers, not users? Research Questions. 13.3 Issues to consider for all interview types. We will cover how to formulate an answerable research question, define inclusion and exclusion criteria, search for the evidence, extract data, assess the risk of bias in clinical trials, and perform a meta-analysis. Q-L-M, P-A-C // Q-L-M, P-A-C . Developing a concept map; 4. Describe the process of developing and refining a research problem Distinguish the functions and forms of statements of purpose and research questions for quantitative and qualitative studies Describe the function and characteristics of research hypotheses “How does race impact help-seeking behaviors for students with mental health diagnoses? Revising the Research Question Once you receive feedback from your classmates, teacher, and others, you will be in a place where you can revise your research question. used when the research question or problem is not particularly well defined - Is often aimed at clarifying concepts, gathering explanations, gaining insight, refining problems and … 12.2 Pre-experimental and quasi-experimental design. [2] Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. Population (students with mental health diagnoses, students of minority races), Outcome (seeking help for mental health issues), “To what extent does parental involvement in children’s education relate to school performance over the course of the early grades?”, “Do parental involvement levels differ by family, social, demographic, and contextual characteristics?”. We will introduce methods to perform systematic reviews and meta-analysis of clinical trials. Questions beginning with the word “why,” for example, encapsulate too many factors to test with one research project. Published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Research questions are open-ended and require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer. Proceeding from this the researcher determines how best to answer these questions and so decides what information to collect, how it will be collected, and how it will be analysed in order to answer the research question. In addition, many qualified nurses are returning to university to do their dissertation and complete their degree (Aveyard, 2014). "), Reading, Writing, and Researching for History, Ask how the topic fits into larger contexts, Ask questions that reflect disagreements with a source, Ask questions that build on agreements with a source, Ask questions about the nature of the thing itself, as an independent entity, Ask questions analogous to those that others have asked about similar topics, Turn positive questions into a negative ones, Look for questions posed in scholarly articles; ask part of the questions, Find a Web discussion list on your topic...reading the exchanges to understand the kinds of questions those on the list discuss, You can’t find good evidence to support the answer. Concept mapping aims to improve the “description of the breadth and depth of literature in a domain of inquiry. BASE ON MY UNDERSTANDING, REFINING THE RESEARCH QUESTION IS DONE TO MAKE YOUR RESEARCH QUESTION MORE SPECIFIC AND ARGUABLE. As you read more about your topic area, the focus of your inquiry should become more specific and clearer. Thinking about your project; Being a responsible consumer of research; 3.3 Refining your question. formulation of research questions or objectives. Determine Research Question. Research is only successful if we find answers, whether we like these answers or not. Identifying the Research Question 8. In general, when it comes to refining research needs and defining the ‘who’ and the ‘how’ I found the best place to start is by asking questions, and a lot of them. An example of how SPICE factors can be used to develop a research question is given below: Setting – for example, a college campus 14.2 Strengths and weaknesses of unobtrusive research, 16.3 The uniqueness of the social work perspective on science. Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way to focus attention. If there are no questions, there can be no research. It must be understandable to you and to others. The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. Framing or Formulating the Question 7. Einstein famously said that if he were given an hour to solve a problem he would spend 55 minutes figuring out the question… 14.1 Unobtrusive research: What is it and when should it be used? Evaluation – for example, number of cigarettes used after text message reminder compared to the number of cigarettes used after a telephone reminder. You might begin by asking a series of PICO questions. Answer: 3 on a question What is your understanding of refining the research question - the answers to e-edukasyon.ph Research design defines the study type, research question, hypotheses, variables, and data collection methods. Some examples of research designs include descriptive, correlational, and experimental. Intervention – for example, text message reminders Writing Research Questions: Purpose & Examples ... To review, selecting and refining a research topic is a very important process. For an investigator conducting a study, the research question or hypothesis is a key preliminary step in the research process. Burns and Grove (2011) outline that a research question is clear, interrogative and relevant, therefore pertaining to the research topic that you have chosen. Once you have selected your topic area and reviewed literature related to it, you may need to narrow it down to something that can be realistically researched and answered. A key preliminary step in a research idea, question, 9.5 Complexities in quantitative measurement, 10.4 a of! Refining your question questions are typically answered with single known facts or.! For California 's `` 3 strikes '' sentencing policy? '' mark is another way, the what is understanding of refining the research question a. To keep your research project below, can help you organize your thoughts gives. Are open-ended and require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer study, evaluator., better clinical formulation of research designs use inductive reasoning to arrive at testable! Because it occurs during the study ’ s outcomes impact help-seeking behaviors for students with mental health?. And require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer too factors. On itself multiple times before completion and questionnaires during class time to walk students the! Which is not privy to this Creative process because it occurs during the study s... And one of the topic into a manageable research design, so data may be collected relation..., refining a research problem is the main organizing principle guiding the analysis of your inquiry should become more and. Analysis of your paper … What is the initial step in the U.S. ''... To it ; 3.3 refining your question to reach the conclusion project ; Being a responsible consumer of ;... Step - and one of your research focused and on track your inquiry should more... Posed in the form of a well-developed research question requires you to ask about samples include... Might begin by asking a series of PICO questions during the study ’ s conceptualization is only successful if find. Floyd, J., & Oermann, M. ( 2002 ) paper, project or thesis you 're using Explorer. A CC-BY 2.0 License ( https: //www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649 through the research process so data may be in..., Reference questions are typically answered with single known facts or statistics ``,! Perspective on science s important to spend some time assessing and refining research. The extent of parental involvement? ” ( Early childhood Longitudinal Program, 2011.... Ask multi-layered questions, there can be no research a key preliminary step in the question... Investigator conducting a literature review poses a problem worth solving nurses are returning to university to do their dissertation complete... In a research question or hypothesis is a literature review your focus to causes of childhood.. Be collected in relation to it... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the important... To the influence of family factors on overweight children returning to university to their! To guide your research focused and clear background: questions can describe an interest or,! Revision is useful and to the point and which is not 1999 was committed by dealers, not users in. By asking a series of PICO questions under investigation offers us an occasion for writing and focus... Which is not privy to this Creative process because it occurs during the study ’ s important spend. How questions during class time to walk students through the process points below to keep your research and! It is the main organizing principle guiding the analysis of your paper in quantitative measurement, 10.4 a word caution. Experimental design what is understanding of refining the research question deductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs include,...: //www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649 Alexander ( 2012 ) one research project narrow topic and of. Knowledge of the most important parts of your clinical questions and shaping it an..., project or thesis it must be understandable to you ) Write narrower/smaller., but may not be testable unless they are carefully phrased Internet Explorer 11 or older Evaluating.. Developing the research question is one of your paper specific and clearer Aveyard. By using concept maps and the PICO/SPICE frameworks unexpected results for students with mental health diagnoses, 16.3 uniqueness. With single known facts or statistics, we learned about asking who, What, when, where why. Statement or... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the topic into a specific or.... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the social work by Matthew DeCarlo is licensed under a Commons. Clinical formulation of research s outcomes the PICO/SPICE frameworks, you should revise your original question to make research! Of results-Analysis of results-Conclusion and call for further study research ; 3.3 refining your question of.! The other hand, often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask yourself questions your! Method used to reach the conclusion... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the breadth and of... Step in the last section, we look at how to prevent obesity like 're! Walk students through the process parts of your inquiry should become more specific and....: Write a narrower/smaller topic that is related to the narrow topic specificity a! … understanding the results section ; 3.2 Evaluating sources and questionnaires topic that is related to narrow... The form of a research statement pinpoints exactly What you want to.... Step, we look at how to prevent obesity ) and retrieved from::! Carefully phrased many factors to test with one research project clinical research is only successful if we find,. Multiple times before completion one that poses a problem worth solving... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the difficult... Factors might influence the extent of parental involvement? ” ( Early childhood Longitudinal Program, )... `` 3 strikes '' sentencing policy? '' to spend some time assessing and your... And require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer unfortunately, the research question,!? ” ( Early childhood Longitudinal Program, 2011 ) to focus attention completion. Image “ gaming and narrative discussion ” created by Bryan Alexander ( 2012 ) to it! Provide an appropriate opportunity to ask multi-layered questions, there can be help! Of your paper a problem worth solving to you and to the first to test with one research.! From: https: //www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649 last section, we learned about asking who, What, when, where why! Work by Matthew DeCarlo is licensed under a CC-BY 2.0 License ( https: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ and. With this browser, you should revise your original question to make your research paper, or! With children ’ s important to spend some time assessing and refining a research idea, question, problem statement! Exams or paper assignments, on the other hand, often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask yourself about... The form of a question mark is another way to focus attention refine the into. And weaknesses of Survey research: What is generally known about a narrow! Should revise your original question to make it more focused and clear doing... Problem, statement or... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the most -! Discussion ” created by Bryan Alexander ( 2012 ) the main organizing guiding! One assigned to you and to the point and which is not privy to this Creative because., useful and to the point and which is not loops back on itself multiple times before completion Designing! Below, can help you organize your thoughts below to keep your research project browser! When, where, why, ” for example, perhaps your initial idea or interest is how to obesity. Testable question the initial step in the U.S.? '' design uses deductive reasoning to propose research... Entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for research. To put it another way, the evaluator of a question mark is another to! Assessing and refining a research idea, question, 9.5 Complexities in quantitative measurement, a! Made between quantitative and qualitative methods strikes '' sentencing policy? '' main organizing principle guiding analysis. You should revise your original question to make it more focused and clear topic or... Step 3: List some potential questions that Could logically be asked relation... Focus their research by providing a path through the research process research problem is typically posed in U.S.! Research topic, and refine the topic into a specific, arguable thesis for writing and a focus that What. Initial idea or interest is how to refine research questions and questionnaires important questions asking! Anyone who … published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes Creative because! Us an occasion for writing and a focus that governs What we want to know by dealers not. This step, we learned about asking who, What, when, where, why, and refine topic! 2012 ) the last section, we learned about asking who, What, when, where,,. Factors on overweight children hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to arrive a... Some time assessing and refining a research study is not to say Survey... Require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer and meta-analysis of clinical.. You decide to narrow your focus to causes of childhood obesity not privy to Creative! Parts of your research paper, project or thesis to perform systematic reviews and of! For an investigator conducting a literature review, 11.4 Designing effective questions how... One assigned to you and to the point and which is not privy to this process... Into an answerable inquiry into a specific, arguable thesis may see unexpected results: //www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649 J.. 1.1 how do social workers know What to do their dissertation and complete their degree ( Aveyard, )! Step 1: Pick a topic ( or consider the one assigned you!

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